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Packaging Extras

APT Sources


deb lenny main contrib non-free
deb lenny-backports main contrib non-free
deb lenny-backports-sloppy main contrib non-free
deb lenny/updates main contrib non-free


deb squeeze main contrib non-free
deb squeeze-backports main contrib non-free
deb squeeze/updates main contrib non-free

Package Control

Update a package only if installed

apt-get install --only-upgrade PACKAGENAME

Reinstall all configs for package

If you need to get all configs back to original state make a copy of the directory needing to be replaced and delete all contents of the original then execute the following:

apt-get -o Dpkg::Options::="--force-confniss" install --reinstall PKGNAME

Force package uninstall

dpkg --force-all -r PACKAGENAME

/etc keeper

This helps in versionizing your /etc directory.

  • apt-get install etckeeper
  • /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/05etckeeper:
DPkg::Pre-Invoke       { "if [ -x /usr/sbin/etckeeper ]; then etckeeper pre-install; fi"; };
DPkg::Post-Invoke      { "if [ -x /usr/sbin/etckeeper ]; then etckeeper post-install; fi"; };

RPM::Pre-Invoke       { "if [ -x /usr/sbin/etckeeper ]; then etckeeper pre-install; fi"; };
RPM::Post-Invoke      { "if [ -x /usr/sbin/etckeeper ]; then etckeeper post-install; fi"; };

apt Listbugs

This lists critical bugs prior to updates

  • apt-get install apt-listbugs
  • /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/10apt-listbugs
// Check all packages whether they has critical bugs before they are installed.
// If you don't like it, comment it out.
DPkg::Pre-Install-Pkgs {"/usr/sbin/apt-listbugs apt || exit 10"};
DPkg::Tools::Options::/usr/sbin/apt-listbugs "";
DPkg::Tools::Options::/usr/sbin/apt-listbugs::Version "2";

apt List Changes

package change history notification tool

  • apt-get install apt-listchanges
  • /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/20listchanges
DPkg::Pre-Install-Pkgs { "/usr/bin/apt-listchanges --apt || test $? -ne 10"; };
DPkg::Tools::Options::/usr/bin/apt-listchanges::Version "2";

RootKit Hunter

update rkhunter when updating packages

  • apt-get install rkhunter
  • /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/90rkhunter
// Makes sure that rkhunter file properties database is updated after each remove or install only if hashes test is enabled
DPkg::Post-Invoke { "if [ -x /usr/bin/rkhunter ] && ( ! grep -q -E '^DISABLE_TESTS=.*(hashes.*attributes|attributes.*hashes|properties)' /etc/rkhunter.conf || grep -q -E '^ENABLE_TESTS=.*(hashes|attributes|properties)' /etc/rkhunter.conf); then /usr/bin/rkhunter --propupd --nolog; fi" }


Disable IWatch when updating packages

  • apt-get install iwatch
  • /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/02iwatch
DPkg::Pre-Invoke { "if [ -x /usr/bin/iwatch ] ; then service iwatch stop; fi" }
DPkg::Post-Invoke { "if [ -x /usr/bin/iwatch ] ; then service iwatch start; fi" }

Package Listing

Used to generate a list of installed packages for use in reinstalling the system to the current state

Build the command “dpkg –get-selections installed.txt” into a apt.conf.d hook.

  • /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/80pkglist
DPkg::Post-Invoke { "echo -n 'Updating /etc/apt/installed-pkgs.txt... ' && /usr/bin/dpkg --get-selections > /etc/apt/installed-pkgs.txt && echo 'Done'" }

To reinstall use the following:

apt-get install dselect
dpkg --set-selections </etc/apt/installed-pkgs.txt
debian/apt-xtras.txt · Last modified: 2020/02/24 11:16 (external edit)